Structure and Functions of Our Skin

Skin is the largest organ of the body. In adults, skin weight is 16% of total body weight. There are many functions deeply.

These:

It acts as a barrier against the outside environment and some skin glands have protective effect against microbe.

It prevents the body fluid from going out of the body.

Protect your body from the sun’s ultraviolet rays by making coloring matter (pigment cells).

It produces vitamin D.

Maintain body temperature.

It regulates body metabolism.

It gives aesthetic and beauty.

The skin consists of several layers.

It is called the lower layer and the upper layer is called the epidermis (upper dermis). The dermis layer contains hair follicles, blood vessels, nerve endings, sweat and sebaceous glands.

The epidermis, which is an outer skin layer, consists of skin cells. The thickness of this layer varies according to the age, sex, and position of the body. This layer is very thin in the eyelid; Too thick in the soles of the feet. This outermost skin layer called the epidermis is renewed every 1530 days.

The color cell (melanocyte) found at the bottom makes the coloring material called melanin. Melanin color material is gathered around the nuclei of skin cells and prevents the infrared rays from reaching the cell nucleus. Thus, the cell nucleus of DNA is protected from harmful effects of infrared rays. During deep skin tanning, this skin also changes coloring and is replaced to protect the skin cells.

Sweat glands secrete water, salt, urea, ammonia and uric acid. Urea, ammonia, and uric acid are waste products that are produced after the bodies of the body are burned by the body. These substances have harmful effects on the body.

Sweat glands are controlled by the nervous system. For example, irritated or spicy foods stimulate sweat glands and cause excessive sweat secretion.

Ladies tend to aged faster than men. This is the hormonal changes that start with puberty, continue with pregnancy and result in menopause. After menopause, many changes occur. The secretion of sebaceous glands and skin elasticity is diminished, the deep regeneration feature begins to disappear.

The duration of these changes varies according to the individual’s age, genetic characteristics (family characteristics) and lifestyle. Although aging is a process that can not be prevented, the negative effects of aging and environmental factors can be minimized. There are points to pay attention to.

For example, Healthy Nutrition

Daily amounts of food taken with foods can contain a lot of calories. Some foods may be inadequate in terms of vitamins and minerals. For this reason, foods rich in natural, fresh, vitamins and minerals should be preferred. In this way nutrition will help deepen and renew itself.

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