Prodromal Phase Migraine

Prodromal or ominous symptoms appear in around 60% of those who suffer of migraines, with a start that can vary from two hours to two days prior to the start of pain or the aura. These manifestations may include a vast variety of episodes, including altered emotional state, irascibility, euphoria or depression, exhaustion, desiring for certain food, rigid muscles (mostly in the neck), diarrhea or constipation, and reactivity to smells or noise. This might appear in those with either migraine without aura or migraine with aura.

Aura phase

An aura is a temporary focal neurological activity that happens before or throughout the headache. Auras occur gradually after a number of minutes and usually persist less than 60 minutes.

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Manifestations can be visual, sensory, or motor in essence and many people confront more than one. Optical effects appear most commonly; they are present in up to 98% of cases and in more than half of cases are not followed by sensory or motor reactions. Vision interferences often involve a shimmering visual disorder (a region of incomplete alteration in the range of vision which flashes and may interact with a person's skills to drive or read). These usually start near the area of vision and then expand to the sides with waving lines which have been detailed as looking like barricades. Regularly the lines are in white and black but some persons also see colored dashes. Some persons lose fragments of their visual field, known as hemianopsia, while others encounter blurring.

Sensory auras are the second most frequent type; they appear in 30-40% of persons with auras. Most commonly begins as a tingling sensation on one side in the hand and arm and expands to the nose-mouth region on the same part. Insensibility usually appears after the pins-and-needles sensation has faded with a loss of location sense. Other manifestations of the aura phase can consist of speech or language interferences, world rotation and less frequently, motor complications. Motor symptoms show that the migraine is hemiplegic, and weakness usually prolongs more than one hour, far from other auras. Audible hallucinations or illusions have also been illustrated.

Pain phase

Normally the headache is unilateral, pulsating, and intermediate to violent in intensity. It generally comes on progressively and is complicated by physical activity. In more than 40% of situations however the pain might be on both sides of the head, and is commonly associated with neck pain. Bilateral pain is specifically common for people who have migraines without an aura. Less frequently pain might occur mainly in the behind or on top of the head. The pain mostly lasts 4 to 72 hours in adults, though in youngsters usually lasts less than 1 hour. The distribution of attacks varies, from a few in a one’s time to several attacks a week, with the overall being around one a month.

The pain is commonly accompanied by sickness, vomiting, photophobia, sonophobia, sensitivity to smells, exhaustion, and irritability. In a migraine with neurological manifestations related to the brainstem or with neurological manifestations on both sides of the body, typical effects include a sensation of rotating world, dizziness, and confusion. Nausea appears in almost 90% of persons, and vomiting appears in about one-third. Like so, many of them seek a dark and silent room Other symptoms might include foggy vision, nasal stuffiness, pallor, frequent urination, diarrhea, or sweating. Associated effects are less habitual in the elderly.

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