The metabolic syndrome (MS) is a group of health conditions including high blood pressure, insulin resistance (high fasting blood sugar), abdominal fat deposition and abnormal blood fats. MS increases the risk of heart disease, stroke, diabetes and some types of cancer. It affects 34 percent of the population and the prevalence increases with age. Diet and exercise are the best treatments for the disease.
Ricardo MoraRodriguez from the University of Castilla-La Mancha in Spain and colleagues found that the combination of aerobic interval training and reduced calorie dieting improved body mass index, trunk fat, hemoglobin A1C (marker of blood sugar control), cholesterol, LDL cholesterol (bad cholesterol), maximal oxygen consumption, exercise capacity and the number of MS risk factors compared to sedentary controls.
Another group that sequentially exercised and then dieted also improved health factors. Metabolic syndrome is a serious health issue, particularly in the United States. Lifestyle modification could result in significant improvements.